I’ve been recording and producing music for almost 15 years now. I’ve sent clients files in every form possible: USB drives, hard drives, WeTransfer, Dropbox, Google Drive, Hightail, You Send It…if it’s free and you can use it to send a file then I probably have. A lot of these services automatically ZIP your files when sending a folder. I’ve honestly never thought about how zipping files affected the sound quality until recently when I was working with another engineer who claimed to hear a difference.
I was a bit taken aback because I never thought about how zipping would affect the sound quality. I’ve always done it, I’ve always seen people do it, and I’ve personally never heard a difference. I would like to think in the last 15 years I’ve been trying to do this recording thing that I would have heard the difference.
There’s an easy way to find out if there truly is a difference after zipping. A null test. A null test is the process of bringing two files into your DAW, leaving them set at the exact same volume and settings and inverting the polarity on one of them. If they are exactly the same then you won’t hear anything, the audio will completely cancel out. This tells us that there’s absolutely no difference between the two files. If you do hear anything, even the smallest amount of noise after inverting the phase on one of the files then there is a difference and the files have been affected.
Null testing two of the same files, one zipped and one not zipped is easy. Take an audio file that hasn’t been zipped, duplicate it, zip the duplicated file, bring both files into your DAW on separate tracks, flip the polarity on one… Nothing. Zip. Zilch. Nada.
Scientific proof that zipping audio files does not affect the sound quality in anyway at all. Some people even suggest it’s safer to send files zipped than unzipped because when it’s zipped it’s harder for the file to get corrupted in the process.
Any time you’re compressing the data of a file whether you are using different formats or compressing using a format like Zip there are lossy and lossless forms of the compression.
Lossless compression allows you to recreate the the file exactly as it was originally saved. It finds redundancies and patterns in the file to break the file into smaller parts so it can be put back together at a later time.
Lossy compression is different. This type removes “unnecessary” bits of information so it can make the file smaller. This is how an mp3 file is compressed into a smaller file and why it also negatively affects the sound quality.